Bismuth(III) oxide is perhaps the most industrially important compound of bismuth. It is also a common starting point for bismuth chemistry. It is found naturally as the mineral bismite (monoclinic) and sphaerobismoite (tetragonal, much more rare), but it is usually obtained as a by-product of the smelting of copper and lead ores. In the lead-acid battery industry, the Bismuth effect is found in both grid alloys and lead oxide. More and more experiments have demonstrated that bismuth-bearing leady oxide improves the performance of lead.
Calcium Sulfate is a moderately water and acid soluble Calcium source for uses compatible with sulfates. Sulfate compounds are salts or esters of sulfuric acid formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogens with a metal. Most metal sulfate compounds are readily soluble in water for uses such as water treatment, unlike fluorides and oxides which tend to be insoluble. Organometallic forms are soluble in organic solutions and sometimes in both aqueous and organic solutions. Metallic ions can also be dispersed utilizing suspended or coated nanoparticles and deposited utilizing sputtering targets and evaporation materials for uses such as solar cells and fuel cells. Calcium Sulfate is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity and high purity compositions improve both optical quality and usefulness as scientific standards. Nanoscale elemental powders and suspensions, as alternative high surface area forms, may be considered. We also produce Calcium Sulfate Solution. Additional technical, research and safety information is available. Technical guidance for using Calcium Sulfate in agriculture is also available.
The addition of antimony to lead improves the fluidity of the metal and the tensile strength of the grid. The antimonial cell has a long cycle life. However, during overcharge the grid is anodically attacked and the antimony passes into solution.
It is a white amorphous powder of high purity and is almost insoluble in water.
Cadmium sulfate is the name of a series of related inorganic compounds with the formula CdSO4 ·xH2O. The most common form is the monohydrate CdSO4·H2O, but two other forms are known CdSO4·8⁄3H2O and the anhydrous salt (CdSO4). All salts are colourless and highly soluble in water.
CMC-T is a technical grade of sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC).They assay at 98.0% minimum CMC on a dry basis; the reminder consists of byproduct salts (primarily sodium chloride and sodium glycolate). CMC-T are produced in several viscosity types, in powder and granular form.
This is a colloidal suspension of silica in water. The silica is present as a proprietary distribution of particle sizes that produces excellent strength and stability as compared to standard sols. This binder does not contain polymer.
Glass Bubbles are engineered hollow glass microspheres that are alternatives to conventional fillers and additives such as silicas, calcium carbonate, talc, clay, etc for many demanding applications These low density particles are used in a wide range of industries to reduce part weight, lower costs and enhance product properties The unique spherical shape of glass bubbles offers a number of important benefits, including higher filler loading, lower viscosity/improved flow and reduced shrinkage and warpage.
It is a dark brown powder of high purity used in lead acid batteries and helps in Inhibiting negative plate passivation, Increased battery capacity and low temperature starting performance It Improve charge acceptance performance, and extend battery life.
PASP is a reddish brown clear solution used in negative material of lead acid battery This polymer additive controls the crystallization process of lead sulphate and modifies the shape and size of PbSO 4 crystals The addition of PASP to the negative paste and to the electrolyte improves the utilization of the negative active material and reduces the internal resistance of the negative plates.
Expanded perlite is a naturally occur siliceous volcanic rock containing 6 combine with water The perlite expands 15 times its original volume The excellent thermal conductivity of expanded perlite Expanded Perlite is inorganic material.
Phosphorous acid, is the compound described by the formula H₃PO₃ This acid is diprotic, not triprotic as might be suggested by this formula Phosphorous acid is an intermediate in the preparation of other phosphorus compounds to the formation of large crystals that are difficult to recharge.
PTFE-DI 93 is a milky white aqueous dispersion stabilized with an anionic dispersants It is used for co coagulation to produce products with a range of strengths and porosities It is used as reinforcing agents to increase dimensional and formed stability in lead acid battery industry.
Salicylic acid is a lipophilic monohydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid, and a beta hydroxy acid ( It has the formula C7H6O30.
SNFC is highly polymerized naphthalene sulfonates in sodium salt It is a fine tan powder which can easily disperse in water and ensure high solid dispersions with low viscosity.
Bentonite is an absorbent aluminum phyllosilicate clay consisting mostly of montmorillonite. The different types of bentonite are each named after the respective dominant element such as potassium, sodium, aluminum. Bentonite usually forms from weathering of volcanic ash, most often in the presence of water. For industrial purposes, two main classes of bentonite exist: sodium and calcium bentonite.
Sodium perborate is a white, free flowing crystalline compounds soluble in water Sodium Perborate is a stable, solid source of active oxygen It exists in the anhydrous mono, tri and tetrahydrate forms (mono and tetrahydrate forms are important commercially) Sodium perborate tetrahydrate is prepared by reaction of sodium borate with hydrogen peroxide Sodium perborate releases back hydrogen peroxide, if dissolved in water Its properties in aqueous solution are practically similar to them of a solution of hydrogen peroxide.
Stannous sulfate is yellowish white crystals and are very fine in size The optimal addition of SnSO4 in electrolyte of lead acid battery to refine the size of PbSo 4 crystals in the active material The novel leady oxides are used as active material of working electrode The novel leady oxides are used as active material of positive plate It is indicated that an electrolyte additive of SnSO4 could have a positive influence on restraining larger particles of irreversible sulfation in charge/discharge cycles of battery testing.
Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania is the naturally occurring oxide of titanium, chemical formula TiO ₂ When used as a pigment, it is called titanium white, Pigment White 6 or CI 77891 Generally, it is sourced from ilmenite, rutile, and anatase.
Vanadium pentoxide appears as a yellow to red crystalline powder. Slightly soluble in water and denser than water. It is used to improve the performance of lead acid battery.